Preventing Water Hammer in Steam Systems

In a domestic environment, water hammer is probably most commonly associated with faucets being turned on or off.  In industrial environments, it can occur in a variety of situations, particularly those involving steam systems, which is why it is also known as steam hammer.  In principle water/steam hammer could affect a domestic steam shower. But, in practice, these have minimal risks associated with them.  In industrial environments, however, steam hammer has the potential to be lethal.  It is more than capable of causing injury and can easily lead to expensive damage to piping and housing, particularly at junctions where it could quite feasibly destroy actual valves as well as their flanges and gaskets. What causes water hammer? Water hammer is essentially a product of condensation, which is what happens when